5 1 0:Examples for Excluding Matched Patterns

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Welcome to the latest SEP sesam documentation version 5.1.0 Apollon. For previous documentation version(s), check documentation archive.


Use-case scenario


In all of the following examples, we assume that the directory to be backed up contains the following subdirectories and files:

# find /backupsource/
./ADirectory1
./ADirectory1/file1
./dir-exclude
./dir-exclude/one
./DIRECTORY12FALL
./DIRECTORY12FALL/file1
./ADirectory2
./ADirectory2/file1
./BDirectory2
./BDirectory2/file1
./BDirectory1
./BDirectory1/file1
./BDirectory1/file2
./1235-Directory1
./1235-Directory1/file1

The backup source in each example is /backupsource/. The excludes are entered manually into the exclude list field (but they can also be used in an exclude file). For more information, see Creating Exclude List.

Note
The exclude list on the SEP sesam Linux client can also be used as an include list by specifying the + (plus) sign at the beginning of a pattern. For details, see Advanced Backup and Restore Options.

The backup job is started with extended logging level (-v 2) so that the excluded files are visible in the log.

Examples

All files and directories starting with the letter "A" are to be ignored

"/backupsource/A.*"

Result from the log:

2019-06-30 15:27:30: sbc-3008: Info:     Processing item: [./backupsource/]...
2019-06-30 15:27:30: sbc-3108: Info:     Item processed successfully: [./backupsource/]
2019-06-30 15:27:30: sbc-3014: Info:     Item [./backupsource/ADirectory1] excluded.
2019-06-30 15:27:30: sbc-3014: Info:     Item [./backupsource/ADirectory1/file1] excluded.
2019-06-30 15:27:30: sbc-3008: Info:     Processing item: [./backupsource/dir-exclude]...
2019-06-30 15:27:30: sbc-3108: Info:     Item processed successfully: [./backupsource/dir-exclude]
2019-06-30 15:27:30: sbc-3008: Info:     Processing item: [./backupsource/dir-exclude/one]...
2019-06-30 15:27:30: sbc-3108: Info:     Item processed successfully: [./backupsource/dir-exclude/one]
2019-06-30 15:27:30: sbc-3008: Info:     Processing item: [./backupsource/VERZEICHNIS12FALL]...
2019-06-30 15:27:30: sbc-3108: Info:     Item processed successfully: [./backupsource/DIRECTORY12FALL]
2019-06-30 15:27:30: sbc-3008: Info:     Processing item: [./backupsource/DIRECTORY12FALL/file1]...
2019-06-30 15:27:30: sbc-3108: Info:     Item processed successfully: [./backupsource/DIRECTORY12FALL/file1]
2019-06-30 15:27:30: sbc-3014: Info:     Item [./backupsource/ADirectory2] excluded.
2019-06-30 15:27:30: sbc-3014: Info:     Item [./backupsource/ADirectory/file1] excluded.
2019-06-30 15:27:30: sbc-3008: Info:     Processing item: [./backupsource/BDirectory2]...
2019-06-30 15:27:30: sbc-3108: Info:     Item processed successfully: [./backupsource/BDirectory2]
2019-06-30 15:27:30: sbc-3008: Info:     Processing item: [./backupsource/BDirectory2/file1]...

All files and directories ending with "1" are to be ignored

"/backupsource/.*1$"

Result from the log:

2019-06-30 15:37:50: sbc-3014: Info:     Item [./backupsource/ADirectory1] excluded.
2019-06-30 15:37:50: sbc-3014: Info:     Item [./backupsource/ADirectory1/file1] excluded.
2019-06-30 15:37:50: sbc-3008: Info:     Processing item: [./backupsource/dir-exclude]...
2019-06-30 15:37:50: sbc-3108: Info:     Item processed successfully: [./backupsource/dir-exclude]
2019-06-30 15:37:50: sbc-3014: Info:     Item [./backupsource/BDirectory2/datei1] excluded.
2019-06-30 15:37:50: sbc-3014: Info:     Item [./backupsource/BDirectory1] excluded.
2019-06-30 15:37:50: sbc-3014: Info:     Item [./backupsource/BDirectory1/datei1] excluded.
2019-06-30 15:37:50: sbc-3008: Info:     Processing item: [./backupsource/BDirectory1/file2]...
2019-06-30 15:37:50: sbc-3108: Info:     Item processed successfully: [./backupsource/BDirectory1/file2]
2019-06-30 15:37:50: sbc-3014: Info:     Item [./backupsource/1235-Directory1] excluded.
2019-06-30 15:37:50: sbc-3014: Info:     Item [./backupsource/1235-Directory1/file1] excluded.


All files and directories ending with an arbitrary number are to be ignored

"/backupsource/.*\d$"

Result from the log:

2019-06-30 15:49:45: sbc-3108: Info:     Item processed successfully: [./backupsource/dir-exclude/one]
2019-06-30 15:49:45: sbc-3008: Info:     Processing item: [./backupsource/DIRECTORY12FALL]...
2019-06-30 15:49:45: sbc-3108: Info:     Item processed successfully: [./backupsource/DIRECTORY12FALL]
2019-06-30 15:49:45: sbc-3014: Info:     Item [./backupsource/DIRECTORY12FALL/file1] excluded.
2019-06-30 15:49:45: sbc-3014: Info:     Item [./backupsource/ADirectory2] excluded.
2019-06-30 15:49:45: sbc-3014: Info:     Item [./backupsource/ADirectory2/file1] excluded.
2019-06-30 15:49:45: sbc-3014: Info:     Item [./backupsource/BDirectory2] excluded.
2019-06-30 15:49:45: sbc-3014: Info:     Item [./backupsource/BDirectory2/file1] excluded.
2019-06-30 15:49:45: sbc-3014: Info:     Item [./backupsource/BDirectory1] excluded.
2019-06-30 15:49:45: sbc-3014: Info:     Item [./backupsource/BDirectory1/file1] excluded.
2019-06-30 15:49:45: sbc-3014: Info:     Item [./backupsource/BDirectory1/file2] excluded.
2019-06-30 15:49:45: sbc-3014: Info:     Item [./backupsource/1235-Directory1] excluded.
2019-06-30 15:49:45: sbc-3014: Info:     Item [./backupsource/1235-Directory1/file1] excluded.
2019-06-30 15:49:45: sbc-3500: Info:     All hardlinks completely saved.

All files and directories containing a two digit number are to be ignored

"/backupsource/DIRECTORY(\d\d)FALL"

Result from the log:

2019-06-30 15:54:28: sbc-3008: Info:     Processing item: [./backupsource/dir-exclude]...
2019-06-30 15:54:28: sbc-3108: Info:     Item processed successfully: [./backupsource/dir-exclude]
2019-06-30 15:54:28: sbc-3008: Info:     Processing item: [./backupsource/dir-exclude/one]...
2019-06-30 15:54:28: sbc-3108: Info:     Item processed successfully: [./backupsource/dir-exclude/one]
2019-06-30 15:54:28: sbc-3014: Info:     Item [./backupsource/DIRECTORY12FALL] excluded.
2019-06-30 15:54:28: sbc-3014: Info:     Item [./backupsource/DIRECTORY12FALL/one1] excluded.
2019-06-30 15:54:28: sbc-3008: Info:     Processing item: [./backupsource/ADirectory2]...
2019-06-30 15:54:28: sbc-3108: Info:     Item processed successfully: [./backupsource/ADirectory2]
2019-06-30 15:54:28: sbc-3008: Info:     Processing item: [./backupsource/ADirectory2/one1]...


All files and directories ending with the string "-exclude" are to be ignored

"/backupsource/.*-exclude"

Result from the log:

2019-06-30 15:32:49: sbc-3008: Info:     Processing item: [./backupsource/ADirectory1/datei1]...
2019-06-30 15:32:49: sbc-3108: Info:     Item processed successfully: [./backupsource/ADirectory1/datei1]
2019-06-30 15:32:49: sbc-3014: Info:     Item [./backupsource/dir-exclude] excluded.
2019-06-30 15:32:49: sbc-3014: Info:     Item [./backupsource/dir-exclude/eins] excluded.
2019-06-30 15:32:49: sbc-3008: Info:     Processing item: [./backupsource/DIRECTORY12FALL]...
2019-06-30 15:32:49: sbc-3108: Info:     Item processed successfully: [./backupsource/DIRECTORY12FALL]


All files and directories that only contain lower case letters are to be ignored

"/backupsource/[a-z]"

Result from the log:

2019-06-30 15:56:48: sbc-3008: Info:     Processing item: [./backupsource/ADirectory1/file1]...
2019-06-30 15:56:48: sbc-3108: Info:     Item processed successfully: [./backupsource/ADirectory1/file1]
2019-06-30 15:56:48: sbc-3014: Info:     Item [./backupsource/dir-exclude] excluded.
2019-06-30 15:56:48: sbc-3014: Info:     Item [./backupsource/dir-exclude/one] excluded.
2019-06-30 15:56:48: sbc-3008: Info:     Processing item: [./backupsource/DIRECTORY12FALL]...
2019-06-30 15:56:48: sbc-3108: Info:     Item processed successfully: [./backupsource/DIRECTORY12FALL]


All files and directories that contain upper case letters and a two digit number are to be ignored

"/backupsource/[A-Z]+\d\d[A-Z]+"

Result from the log:

2019-06-30 16:02:23: sbc-3108: Info:     Item processed successfully: [./backupsource/ADirectory1/file1]
2019-06-30 16:02:23: sbc-3008: Info:     Processing item: [./backupsource/dir-exclude]...
2019-06-30 16:02:23: sbc-3108: Info:     Item processed successfully: [./backupsource/dir-exclude]
2019-06-30 16:02:23: sbc-3008: Info:     Processing item: [./backupsource/dir-exclude/one]...
2019-06-30 16:02:23: sbc-3108: Info:     Item processed successfully: [./backupsource/dir-exclude/one]
2019-06-30 16:02:23: sbc-3014: Info:     Item [./backupsource/DIRECTORY12FALL] excluded.
2019-06-30 16:02:23: sbc-3014: Info:     Item [./backupsource/DIRECTORY12FALL/file1] excluded.
2019-06-30 16:02:23: sbc-3008: Info:     Processing item: [./backupsource/ADirectory2]...
2019-06-30 16:02:23: sbc-3108: Info:     Item processed successfully: [./backupsource/ADirectory2]
2019-06-30 16:02:23: sbc-3008: Info:     Processing item: [./backupsource/ADirectory2/file1]...
2019-06-30 16:02:23: sbc-3108: Info:     Item processed successfully: [./backupsource/ADirectory2/file1]
2019-06-30 16:02:23: sbc-3008: Info:     Processing item: [./backupsource/BDirectory2]..



See also

Creating Exclude ListExclude with Regular Expressions

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