4 4 3 Beefalo:RHV Sicherung

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Docs latest icon.png Willkommen in der aktuellsten Version der SEP sesam Dokumentation 4.4.3 Beefalo/Beefalo V2. Frühere Versionen der Dokumentation finden Sie hier: RHV Archiv.


Übersicht

SEP sesam backup solution for RHV* environments was developed together with Red Hat. SEP sesam uses RHV Manager backup (libvirt) API to perform snapshot-based backups of virtual machines (VMs) in RHV environments.

As of v. 4.4.3 Beefalo, the RHV module also provides support for oVirt-based platforms within Oracle Linux Virtualization Manager (OLVM) in the same way as for RHV environments. SEP sesam tight integration with RHV backup API enables consistent, agentless backups of all RHV virtual machines, regardless of their workload or operating system. Since the RHV module now supports OLVM the same options and steps apply for configuring the OLVM environment backup, with the only difference that the relevant OLVM components should be configured instead of RHV.

*RHV is a rebranding of Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization (RHEV).

Key features

  • Since SEP sesam communicates directly with the RHV hypervisor, it does not matter what operating system is running as a virtual guest. Windows, Linux or any other operating system supported by the RHV hypervisor is treated as a virtual guest and backed up directly by communicating with the hypervisor.
  • SEP sesam supports backups for RHV single servers and RHV clusters with libvirt API.
  • Single (individual) VM backup is supported both on a RHV single server and on a RHV cluster.
  • The following backup methods are available for backing up VMs in a RHV cluster/data center or on RHV single server:
    • A config only backup backs up only the VM configuration.
    • Backup of individual VMs that can be grouped together in one task group running on multiple hosts via the RHV Manager.
    • Backup of VMs with specific disks (disks exclusion).
  • COPY backup is currently the only supported RHV backup level, which means that all data defined by the backup task is backed up (provisioned space). It is recommended to use SEP Si3 target deduplication for your RHV backups to reduce the size of backed up data.

Backup workflow

The backup process uses the following workflow:

  1. A snapshot of the virtual machine (VM) is created.
  2. The VM configuration is exported from the snapshot and backed up as the first saveset stream.
  3. The virtual disks represented in the snapshot are attached to the data mover VM.
  4. The data of the virtual disks is backed up.
  5. The snapshot of the VM is removed.

Vorraussetzungen

Um einen fehlerfreien Betrieb von SEP sesam zu gewährleisten und die Leistung zu verbessern, müssen die folgenden Bedingungen erfüllt sein:

LAN-based or LAN-free backup

SEP sesam’s Red Hat Virtualization backup can operate in two modes: LAN-based backup and LAN-free backup.

During the backup, a VM snapshot is created and mounted to the SEP sesam data mover. The snapshots can be transferred via LAN or SAN (Storage Area Network). If a SAN storage device is available for SEP sesam, the transfer is done directly (LAN-free).

The following images show how to use the backup module for LAN-based and LAN-free backup. Steps 1-5 in the graphic show the direction of the connection establishment for communication and metadata transfer. Step 6 shows the direction of the connection establishment for the data transfer to the connected storage.

LAN-based backup scenario
  • Start the backup process with connection to the RHV Manager host or OLVM host. Create a consistent snapshot of the VM. (Step 1)
  • Once the snapshot is successfully created, the VM configuration is exported from the snapshot and backed up as the first stream in the saveset. (Steps 2, 3, 4)
  • The VM disks present in the snapshot are then attached to the data mover VM using the backup API. Once attached, the data on these disks is backed up and upon success, the snapshot is removed again. The snapshot is transferred from the data mover VM to SEP sesam Server via LAN. (Steps 5, 6)
  • The backed up data is stored in backup storage (connected storage devices, such as SEP sesam data store, SEP sesam Si3 deduplication store, HPE StoreOnce, tape library).
  • LAN based backup
    SEP-sesam-RHV-LAN-Based.png
LAN-free backup scenario
Use the SAN storage connected directly to the RHV cluster itself to perform backup transferred across your dedicated storage interface. In this case, the storage is attached directly to the data mover VM using the Storage Area network.
  • Start the backup process with connection to the RHV Manager host or OLVM host. Create a consistent snapshot of the VM. (Step 1)
  • Once the snapshot is successfully created, the VM configuration is exported from the snapshot and backed up as the first stream in the saveset. (Steps 2, 3, 4)
  • The VM disks present in the snapshot are then attached to the data mover VM using the backup API. Once attached, the data on these disks is backed up and upon success, the snapshot is removed again. The snapshot is transferred from the data mover VM to your backup storage via SAN. (Steps 5, 6)
  • The backed up data is stored in backup storage (connected storage devices, such as SEP sesam data store, SEP sesam Si3 deduplication store, HPE StoreOnce, tape library).
  • LAN free backup
    SEP-sesam-RHV-LAN-Free.png

Backing up RHV virtual machines

Create a new backup task for the RHV VM or OLVM client. You can only perform one VM backup per backup task. You must configure a separate backup task for each VM that you want to back up.

SEP Tip.png Hinweis
Wenn Sie lieber ein Video ansehen, anstatt eine Schritt-für-Schritt-Anleitung zu lesen, können Sie alle Schritte der Sicherungsprozedur lernen, indem Sie sich Sicherung für Red Hat Virtualization (RHV)/Oracle Linux Virtualization (OLVM) mit SEP sesam auf SEP sesam YouTube Channel anschauen.
  1. In the Main Selection -> Tasks -> By Clients, select the RHV Manager client or OLVM client and then click New Backup Task. The New Backup Task window opens.
  2. Specify the Source of the VM you want to back up. You can browse for the source or enter it manually. When you browse for the source, the task type and task name are set automatically. If you enter the source manually, you need to enter the task name and select the RHV task type from the drop-down list.
  3. RHV bck task-source de.jpg

  4. You can exclude individual disks from backup by entering them in the Exclude list field. You have to use the logical disk name(s) as displayed in the RHV management center. If you want to exclude multiple disks, enter them one by one followed by a comma without spaces, for example: disk_name1,disk_name2.
  5. RHV bck task-create de.jpg

  6. By default, the RHV backup module automatically creates memory snapshots of the virtual machine. Memory snapshots take time and resources, but allow reversion to a running VM state as it was when the snapshot was taken. You can disable automatic creation of memory snapshots by adding the option -a qui=0 to the the Backup options: Click the Options tab -> Additional call arguments -> enter -a qui=0 to the Backup options field.
  7. If you want to define other options (such as pre/post backup and restore commands, set encryption, specify OS credentials, consolidate individual tasks under a specific task group, or assign a task to the schedule), click the corresponding tabs in the New Backup Task window.
  8. Klicken Sie auf OK, um den Auftrag zu erstellen.

    SEP Tip.png Tip
    You can add your tasks for individual node or individual VM to a task group and enable triggering all tasks at once with a single event. For details, see Adding a Task to the Task Group.

    RHV add task to group de.jpg

  9. Wenn Sie den neu erstellten Auftrag sofort starten möchten, klicken Sie mit der rechten Maustaste auf den Namen des Auftrags und klicken Sie auf Sofortstart. Wenn Sie eine regelmäßige Sicherung erstellen möchten, müssen Sie einen Zeitplan für Ihren Sicherungsauftrag erstellen: Klicken Sie unter Auswahl -> Zeitplanung -> Zeitpläne auf Neuer Zeitplan und richten Sie einen Zeitplan ein. Weitere Informationen finden Sie unter Erstellen eines Zeitplanes.
  10. SEP Tip.png Hinweis
    Sie können Ihren Sicherungsauftrag einem bestehenden Zeitplan hinzufügen, indem Sie den Sicherungsauftrag doppelklicken, den Reiter Zeitpläne anwählen und ihn zu einem oder mehreren Zeitplänen hinzufügen.
  11. After you have configured a schedule, you must create a new backup event for it. From Main Selection -> Scheduling -> New Backup Event, click the Parameter tab and select the task to which you want to link this event. Then select COPY from the Backup level drop-down list. Note that COPY is currently the only supported backup level for SEP sesam RHV clients. For detailed procedure, see Creating a Backup Event.
  12. RHV bck event de.jpg

Sie können den Status Ihrer Sicherungsläufe einsehen, indem Sie Letzter Sicherungsstatus unter Auswahl -> Monitoring auswählen. Diese Sicherungsstatusübersicht zeigt Einzelheiten zum letzten Lauf der Sicherungen, inklusive dem Auftragsnamen, Start und Stoppzeit der letzten Sicherungen, Sicherungsmethode, Datengröße, Durchsatz, zugewiesener Medienpool, etc.

Information sign.png Anmerkung
Ab 4.4.3 Beefalo V2 können Sie die Details Ihrer Sicherungen online überprüfen mit der neuen Web UI. Details finden Sie unter SEP sesam Web UI.

Bekannte Themen

Im Falle von Problemen mit RHV bitte hier schauen: RHV Troubleshooting.

Siehe auch

RHV KonfigurationRHV Rücksicherung